Troubles musculo-squelettiques [en]

Troubles musculo-squelettiques : c’est ainsi que l’on appelle en français les Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI). On est en plus heureux d’apprendre ceci :

La nouvelle maladie qui fait actuellement rage se nomme TMS « Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques. » Il s’agit d’affections douloureuses – non reconnues en Suisse comme maladie professionnelle – touchant les articulations, les tendons, les muscles, les nerfs et la circulation. Elles touchent particulièrement le dos et les membres supérieures. J’observe donc avec une certaine inquiétude que ces troubles dont souffrent les patients pourraient être liés à  de mauvaises conditions de travail. […] Comme Conseiller d’Etat responsable de la santé publique, j’ai par ailleurs donné mandat à  l’Institut Universitaire Romand de Santé au Travail de mener une étude prospective auprès des médecins du canton afin de recueillir les données de patients qui se plaignent de problème de santé lié au travail.

Thomas Burgener (je souligne)

Soit dit en passant, je ne félicite pas le webmaster de cette page pour le Javascript qui la ferme automatiquement lorsque l’on appuie sur une touche quelconque. Je lui décerne donc un cactus pour l’accessibilité !

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Games People Play: Alcoholic/Addict [en]

Alcoholism can be analyzed through social games theory, which leads to the interesting realization that most support groups (like AA) encourage alcoholics to play another role in the game (Rescuer instead of Victim), and don’t actually help the alcoholic to pull out of the game and learn to relate to people differently.

If you have never heard of Eric Berne or his best-selling Games People Play: The Psychology of Human Relationships I strongly encourage you to lay your hands on this book, or at least scoot off to this site, which briefly presents some important social games.

Games are played to varying degrees, and with consequences of varying severity (from benign to lethal):

  1. A First-Degree Game is one which is socially acceptable in the agent’s circle.
  2. A Second-Degree Game is one from which no permanent irremediable damage arises, but which the players would rather conceal from the public.
  3. A Third-Degree Game is one which is played for keeps, and which ends in the surgery, the courtroom or the morgue.

Coming back to the game of ‘Alcoholic’, here is the complete quote concerning the role of support groups in continuing to play the game:

There are a variety of organizations involved in ‘Alcoholic’, some of them national or even international in scope, others local. Many of them publish rules for the game. Nearly all of them explain how to play the role of Alcoholic: take a drink before breakfast, spend money allotted for other purposes, etc. They also explain the function of the Rescuer. Alcoholics Anonymous, for example, continues playing the actual game but concentrates on inducing the Alcoholic to take the role of Rescuer. Former Alcoholics are preferred because they know how the game goes, and hence are better qualified to play the supporting role than people who have never played before. Cases have been reported of a chapter of A.A. running out of Alcoholics to work on; whereupon the members resumed drinking, since there was no other way to continue the game in the absence of people to rescue.

There are also organizations devoted to improving the lot of the other players. Some put pressure on the spouses to shift their roles from Persecutor to Rescuer. The one which seems the closest to the theoretical ideal of treatment deals with teen-age offspring of alcoholics; these young people are encouraged to break away from the game itself, rather than merely shift roles.

The psychological cure of an alcoholic also lies in getting him to stop playing the game altogether, rather than simply change from one role to another. In some cases this is feasible, although it is a difficult task to find something else as interesting to the Alcoholic as continuing his game. Since he is classicly afraid of intimacy, the substitute may have to be another game rather than a game-free relationship. Often so-called cured alcoholics are not very stimulating company socially, and possibly they feel a lack of excitement in their lives and are continually tempted to get back to their old ways. The criterion of ‘game cure’ is that the former Alcoholic should be able to drink socially without putting himself in jeopardy. The usual ‘total abstinence’ cure will not satisfy the game analyst.

Both quotes: Eric Berne, Games People Play: The Psychology of Human Relationships

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Colère [en]

Identity Confusion in Blogland? [en]

Nithia sums it up: Gary Turner seems to be saying that Mike Sanders is in fact Mike Golby. Funny that I just mentioned Kaycee in my previous post—though IMHO, there is much less to worry about here.

If you feel concerned by alcoholism or co-dependance, you’ll probably find Mike Golby’s last posts very readable.

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Avortement [en]

Visiblement, je ne suis pas la seule que ça énerve!

Initiative “mère et enfant”: une volonté de choquer.

[…] il faut avouer que la brochure distribuée la semaine dernière dans plus de trois millions de ménages suisses par les auteurs de l’initiative se situe à  un niveau de subjectivité rarement atteint.

Alain Pichard, mai 2002

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AIDS Awareness [en]

Young sexually active Indians (or those about to be so) appear to be no different from their western counterparts when it comes to AIDS awareness. They know they don’t have AIDS. The also know that their girlfriend/boyfriend doesn’t have AIDs, because he/she either is a virgin or has slept only with this or that person, known to be “safe”. Prostitutes and people who inject drugs are those who might have AIDS, not normal people – unless they have had to receive blood.

This is the kind of thinking which is allowing AIDS to spread amongst the heterosexual population, particularly teenagers.

Now, let’s stop and think. If a boy has had unprotected sex with a prostitute, and fears he might have AIDS, will he feel free to talk about it to his peers? What would be the reaction if he did? If a girl or a boy has been sexually abused or raped, recently or as a child, will it be said? Remember Pinki Virani’s (prudent) numbers: four girls out of ten; one boy out of four. In the newspaper the other day, I saw much more scary numbers – probably closer to reality: six girls out of ten, and four boys out of ten.

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Munchausen [en]

If the Kaycee fiasco raised your interest about cyberpathology, here is a very interesting article on cybersickness (exploring Munchausen and its consequences).

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Nothing [en]

Have you ever tried doing nothing? Nothing like in “not doing anything” but also “not reading” and “not thinking too hard”? I’ve tried and managed for about half an hour. It’s particularly the “not reading” and “not thinking” part that is hard for me. Stick me anywhere with a book or a paper and pencil, and I can survive for hours.

But why on earth…? Actually, it seems my brain went “shkeplunk” in my skull at judo today. No concussion, nothing serious – just a powerful headache. [Edit 11.11.04 Actually, a nice little concussion. I had trouble concentrating for weeks, and headaches for months, after that.] And my physio sent me back home after telling me that I should give my brain a rest for forty-eight hours. I’m most certainly not going to manage that – look, I’m failing already.

“Yeah sure, no banging my head against walls tonight!” I said with a large smile.
She shook her head from side to side to show me. “Like, don’t shake your head or run… and don’t think too hard either.”
I looked at her with some – understandable – surprise. “No thinking?”
“No thinking”, she answered with a perfectly straight face.
“B…but… I have a coursework to do this week…” I protested.

“Skip it”, she smiled.
“Oh… and reading? That’s OK, isn’t it?” My plans for the evening started crumbling down.
“No reading.”
She was leaving. “What can I do then?!”
“Nothing…!” came the answer as she went through the door.

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Breasts and Bottles [en]

The IFBAN site will give you some extra food for thought about bottle and breastfeeding. Thanks Karl [get well soon!]

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Breastfeeding [en]

Breastfeeding in a Capitalist Society by Rebecca Blood.

I’ll just add that modern western culture is the only one not to find long-term breastfeeding normal, and that Nestlé et al. didn’t put baby food on the market that long ago.

It has also been shown that breastfed babies are exposed to a much wider variety of flavors (mother’s food influencing the taste of milk) than formula-fed babies.

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